## Changes compared to previous years

Compare group: Year 2017 (1588 pcs) | Year 2016 (783 pcs) | Year 2015 (491 pcs) | Year 2014 (554 pcs) | Year 2013 (644 pcs) | Year 2012 (277 pcs)

**Hint:** click a row for details

Laptop computer*** See question distribution: Laptop computer Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education.*** See question distribution: My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education. Own answers average 1.5Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment.*** See question distribution: My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment. Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning)*** See question distribution: Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning) Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning.*** See question distribution: I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning. Own answers average -0.8Compare group answers average -1.0Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use.*** See question distribution: When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use. Own answers average -0.0Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss.*** See question distribution: I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education.*** See question distribution: My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:**See question distribution: Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.0Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot).** See question distribution: I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot). Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught.** See question distribution: It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught. Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I receive sufficient technical support with sufficient speed for ICT use at my school.** See question distribution: I receive sufficient technical support with sufficient speed for ICT use at my school. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet.** See question distribution: I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet. Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences.* See question distribution: I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences. Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot.* See question distribution: Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot. Own answers average 1.2Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning).* See question distribution: I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning). Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has peer teachers offering ICT instruction.* See question distribution: My school has peer teachers offering ICT instruction. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 1.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures.* See question distribution: I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures. Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Smart phone* See question distribution: Smart phone Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to print using a 3D printer.* See question distribution: I know how to print using a 3D printer. Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

reduces personal communication between students* See question distribution: reduces personal communication between students Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Providing remedial teaching or additional tasks for individual students or small groups of students* See question distribution: Providing remedial teaching or additional tasks for individual students or small groups of students Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I feel that I do not receive support for developing the use of ICT in education.* See question distribution: I feel that I do not receive support for developing the use of ICT in education. Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Basic phone*** See question distribution: Basic phone Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.0Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Tablet computer*** See question distribution: Tablet computer Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean)** See question distribution: Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean) Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

diminishes students’ interest in studying** See question distribution: diminishes students’ interest in studying Own answers average -0.9Compare group answers average -1.0Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

reduces students’ co-operation with other students** See question distribution: reduces students’ co-operation with other students Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education.** See question distribution: I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Information collection and monitoring tools (such as devices with temperature, light or speed sensors)** See question distribution: Information collection and monitoring tools (such as devices with temperature, light or speed sensors) Own answers average -1.9Compare group answers average -1.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching.** See question distribution: I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 1.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

helps students combine and process information more efficiently* See question distribution: helps students combine and process information more efficiently Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers.* See question distribution: I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights.* See question distribution: My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights. Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents.* See question distribution: I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

helps students develop their skills to plan and direct their own work* See question distribution: helps students develop their skills to plan and direct their own work Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is easy to start developing new approaches at my school.* See question distribution: It is easy to start developing new approaches at my school. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Simulation and modelling software (such as AutoCad, 123D Design)* See question distribution: Simulation and modelling software (such as AutoCad, 123D Design) Own answers average -1.9Compare group answers average -1.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Making use of digital learning materials Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Making use of digital learning materials Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests* See question distribution: Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I often work with students outside school, making use of mobile devices (such as smart phones, tablets, laptops).* See question distribution: I often work with students outside school, making use of mobile devices (such as smart phones, tablets, laptops). Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally.* See question distribution: I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 1.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place.* See question distribution: My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources* See question distribution: provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 1.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Social media (such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Snapchat, Instagram; following age limits )* See question distribution: Social media (such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Snapchat, Instagram; following age limits ) Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum.* See question distribution: My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum. Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Devices and software I use operate well together.* See question distribution: Devices and software I use operate well together. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

*) The amount of stars implies the statistical significance