## Changes compared to previous years

Compare group: Year 2017 (1724 pcs) | Year 2016 (876 pcs) | Year 2015 (501 pcs) | Year 2014 (625 pcs) | Year 2013 (716 pcs) | Year 2012 (267 pcs)

**Hint:** click a row for details

Laptop computer*** See question distribution: Laptop computer Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Smart phone*** See question distribution: Smart phone Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education.*** See question distribution: My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education. Own answers average 1.5Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum.*** See question distribution: My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum. Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I am familiar with the content of the plan guiding my school’s ICT development work.*** See question distribution: I am familiar with the content of the plan guiding my school’s ICT development work. Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

My school has peer teachers offering ICT instruction.*** See question distribution: My school has peer teachers offering ICT instruction. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 1.0Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot).*** See question distribution: I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot). Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures.** See question distribution: I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning)** See question distribution: Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning) Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment.** See question distribution: My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment. Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education.** See question distribution: My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights.** See question distribution: My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning).** See question distribution: I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning). Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:**See question distribution: Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences.* See question distribution: I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences. Own answers average -1.1Compare group answers average -1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum.* See question distribution: It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum. Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching.* See question distribution: I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Presenting information in a teaching situation* See question distribution: Presenting information in a teaching situation Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests* See question distribution: Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning.* See question distribution: I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning. Own answers average -1.4Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally.* See question distribution: I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot.* See question distribution: Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught.* See question distribution: It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use.* See question distribution: When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean)*** See question distribution: Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean) Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.0Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Basic phone*** See question distribution: Basic phone Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Desktop computer*** See question distribution: Desktop computer Own answers average -0.0Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised at the employer’s cost.** See question distribution: The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised at the employer’s cost. Own answers average 1.2Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources** See question distribution: provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education.** See question distribution: I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

reduces students’ co-operation with other students** See question distribution: reduces students’ co-operation with other students Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Simulation and modelling software (such as AutoCad, 123D Design)** See question distribution: Simulation and modelling software (such as AutoCad, 123D Design) Own answers average -2.0Compare group answers average -2.0Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use.* See question distribution: Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use. Own answers average -1.8Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

diminishes students’ interest in studying* See question distribution: diminishes students’ interest in studying Own answers average -0.8Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Tablet computer* See question distribution: Tablet computer Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I actively guide my students to use digital information search services (such as Google, Wikipedia, Wolfram|Alpha).* See question distribution: I actively guide my students to use digital information search services (such as Google, Wikipedia, Wolfram|Alpha). Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Information collection and monitoring tools (such as devices with temperature, light or speed sensors)* See question distribution: Information collection and monitoring tools (such as devices with temperature, light or speed sensors) Own answers average -1.9Compare group answers average -1.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

erodes students’ writing skills* See question distribution: erodes students’ writing skills Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average 0.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone).* See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone). Own answers average -1.1Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

reduces personal communication between students* See question distribution: reduces personal communication between students Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Does your school have a wireless network that is also accessible to students and visitors on their own devices?* See question distribution: Does your school have a wireless network that is also accessible to students and visitors on their own devices? Own answers average 1.2Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Constantly introducing new technologies into education is strenuous.* See question distribution: Constantly introducing new technologies into education is strenuous. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes.* See question distribution: Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to print using a 3D printer.* See question distribution: I know how to print using a 3D printer. Own answers average -1.7Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have been useful in terms of content.* See question distribution: The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have been useful in terms of content. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations.* See question distribution: I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations. Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

There is a positive atmosphere in the working community towards trying out new things in teaching.* See question distribution: There is a positive atmosphere in the working community towards trying out new things in teaching. Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

*) The amount of stars implies the statistical significance