## Changes compared to previous years

Compare group: Year 2017 (367 pcs) | Year 2016 (186 pcs) | Year 2015 (158 pcs) | Year 2014 (189 pcs) | Year 2013 (178 pcs) | Year 2012 (93 pcs)

**Hint:** click a row for details

Laptop computer*** See question distribution: Laptop computer Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally.*** See question distribution: I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally. Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Information literacy Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:***See question distribution: Information literacy Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Office software (such as Microsoft Office, LibreOffice, iWork)*** See question distribution: Office software (such as Microsoft Office, LibreOffice, iWork) Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet.*** See question distribution: I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss.*** See question distribution: I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers.** See question distribution: I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers. Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:**See question distribution: Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations.** See question distribution: I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum.** See question distribution: My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I often discuss with my students the reliability of information available on the Internet and how to use it appropriately.** See question distribution: I often discuss with my students the reliability of information available on the Internet and how to use it appropriately. Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Students are allowed to use their own devices (such as laptops, smart phones, tablets) in my classes.** See question distribution: Students are allowed to use their own devices (such as laptops, smart phones, tablets) in my classes. Own answers average 1.3Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning.** See question distribution: I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone).** See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone). Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes.** See question distribution: I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average 1.3Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Enabling or supporting oral presentations carried out by students on their own or in teams** See question distribution: Enabling or supporting oral presentations carried out by students on their own or in teams Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I actively guide my students to use digital information search services (such as Google, Wikipedia, Wolfram|Alpha).** See question distribution: I actively guide my students to use digital information search services (such as Google, Wikipedia, Wolfram|Alpha). Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use.** See question distribution: Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use. Own answers average -1.4Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment.** See question distribution: My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment. Own answers average -0.9Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests** See question distribution: Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents.** See question distribution: I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences.** See question distribution: I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences. Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Students often produce different types of media contents (such as audio, video and images) in my classes.** See question distribution: Students often produce different types of media contents (such as audio, video and images) in my classes. Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education.* See question distribution: My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I often work with students outside school, making use of mobile devices (such as smart phones, tablets, laptops).* See question distribution: I often work with students outside school, making use of mobile devices (such as smart phones, tablets, laptops). Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning.* See question distribution: I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning. Own answers average -0.9Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning)* See question distribution: Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning) Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am familiar with the content of the plan guiding my school’s ICT development work.* See question distribution: I am familiar with the content of the plan guiding my school’s ICT development work. Own answers average -0.0Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching.* See question distribution: I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to use virtual reality (VR) and/or augmented reality (AR).* See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to use virtual reality (VR) and/or augmented reality (AR). Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to print using a 3D printer.* See question distribution: I know how to print using a 3D printer. Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has peer teachers offering ICT instruction.* See question distribution: My school has peer teachers offering ICT instruction. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 1.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning).* See question distribution: I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning). Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum.* See question distribution: It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights.* See question distribution: My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights. Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

helps students communicate more effectively with others* See question distribution: helps students communicate more effectively with others Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

We share tips and support relating to the use of ICT in education.* See question distribution: We share tips and support relating to the use of ICT in education. Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Teacher’s pedagogical ability to use ICT in differentiation of learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Teacher’s pedagogical ability to use ICT in differentiation of learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Providing remedial teaching or additional tasks for individual students or small groups of students* See question distribution: Providing remedial teaching or additional tasks for individual students or small groups of students Own answers average -0.8Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Digital information sources (such as websites, wikis, encyclopaedias)* See question distribution: Digital information sources (such as websites, wikis, encyclopaedias) Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Supporting cross-curricular and phenomenon-based learning* See question distribution: Supporting cross-curricular and phenomenon-based learning Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students assess my teaching by means of information and communications technology.* See question distribution: My students assess my teaching by means of information and communications technology. Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students* See question distribution: Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I intersperse my students’ work with regular breaks to avoid making them sit for too long.* See question distribution: I intersperse my students’ work with regular breaks to avoid making them sit for too long. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education.* See question distribution: My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education. Own answers average 1.3Compare group answers average 1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures.* See question distribution: I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures. Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot.* See question distribution: Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Smart phone* See question distribution: Smart phone Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of ideas from students when using information and communications technology in education.* See question distribution: I make use of ideas from students when using information and communications technology in education. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes.* See question distribution: Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

In the last school year, I participated in continuing training courses in ICT in total:* See question distribution: In the last school year, I participated in continuing training courses in ICT in total: Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot).* See question distribution: I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot). Own answers average -1.8Compare group answers average -1.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones)* See question distribution: Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones) Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

reduces students’ co-operation with other students* See question distribution: reduces students’ co-operation with other students Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Basic phone* See question distribution: Basic phone Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Tablet computer* See question distribution: Tablet computer Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources* See question distribution: provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys)* See question distribution: Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys) Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place.* See question distribution: My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

*) The amount of stars implies the statistical significance