## Changes compared to previous years

Compare group: Year 2018 (506 pcs) | Year 2017 (652 pcs) | Year 2016 (283 pcs) | Year 2015 (216 pcs) | Year 2014 (266 pcs) | Year 2013 (318 pcs) | Year 2012 (120 pcs)

**Hint:** click a row for details

Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot.*** See question distribution: Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot. Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum.*** See question distribution: My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Laptop computer*** See question distribution: Laptop computer Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Providing feedback for students** See question distribution: Providing feedback for students Own answers average -0.9Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Devices and software I use operate well together.** See question distribution: Devices and software I use operate well together. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum.** See question distribution: It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs.** See question distribution: My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs. Own answers average 1.2Compare group answers average 1.0Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Tablet computer** See question distribution: Tablet computer Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:**See question distribution: Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place.** See question distribution: My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use.** See question distribution: Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use. Own answers average -1.4Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes.** See question distribution: I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Smart phone** See question distribution: Smart phone Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations.** See question distribution: I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes.* See question distribution: Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students assess each other’s work in digital learning environments.* See question distribution: My students assess each other’s work in digital learning environments. Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Presenting information in a teaching situation* See question distribution: Presenting information in a teaching situation Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I regularly follow social media networks to learn new things.* See question distribution: I regularly follow social media networks to learn new things. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught.* See question distribution: It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught. Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers.* See question distribution: I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers. Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning.* See question distribution: I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources* See question distribution: provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning.* See question distribution: I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning. Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students* See question distribution: Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean)* See question distribution: Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean) Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones)* See question distribution: Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones) Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Teacher’s pedagogical ability to use ICT in differentiation of learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Teacher’s pedagogical ability to use ICT in differentiation of learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone).* See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone). Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is easy to start developing new approaches at my school.* See question distribution: It is easy to start developing new approaches at my school. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights.* See question distribution: My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights. Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet.* See question distribution: I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet. Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I receive sufficient technical support with sufficient speed for ICT use at my school.* See question distribution: I receive sufficient technical support with sufficient speed for ICT use at my school. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys)* See question distribution: Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys) Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching.* See question distribution: I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching. Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Making use of digital learning materials Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Making use of digital learning materials Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of learning analytics for continuous assessment of students’ learning.* See question distribution: I make use of learning analytics for continuous assessment of students’ learning. Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning)* See question distribution: Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning) Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

There is a positive atmosphere in the working community towards trying out new things in teaching.* See question distribution: There is a positive atmosphere in the working community towards trying out new things in teaching. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

In the last school year, I participated in continuing training courses in ICT in total:*** See question distribution: In the last school year, I participated in continuing training courses in ICT in total: Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -0.7Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Basic phone** See question distribution: Basic phone Own answers average -1.7Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education.** See question distribution: I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Desktop computer* See question distribution: Desktop computer Own answers average -0.8Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I have utilized the results of Opeka in the development of my work.* See question distribution: I have utilized the results of Opeka in the development of my work. Own answers average -1.9Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education.* See question distribution: My school has a pedagogical support person available to help with using ICT in education. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I have opportunities to influence ICT purchases at my school.* See question distribution: I have opportunities to influence ICT purchases at my school. Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to program diversely with students, using a specific high-level programming language (such as C, Java, PHP, Javascript, C++, Python).* See question distribution: I know how to program diversely with students, using a specific high-level programming language (such as C, Java, PHP, Javascript, C++, Python). Own answers average -1.9Compare group answers average -1.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

improves students’ study performance* See question distribution: improves students’ study performance Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.0Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to use a specific graphical programming environment designed for educational purposes fluently (such as Scratch, Kodu, Lego Mindstorm).* See question distribution: I know how to use a specific graphical programming environment designed for educational purposes fluently (such as Scratch, Kodu, Lego Mindstorm). Own answers average -1.8Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

reduces students’ co-operation with other students* See question distribution: reduces students’ co-operation with other students Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

*) The amount of stars implies the statistical significance