## Changes compared to previous years

Compare group: Year 2018 (263 pcs) | Year 2017 (330 pcs) | Year 2016 (161 pcs) | Year 2015 (87 pcs) | Year 2014 (120 pcs) | Year 2013 (129 pcs) | Year 2012 (52 pcs)

**Hint:** click a row for details

I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning.*** See question distribution: I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Laptop computer*** See question distribution: Laptop computer Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment.*** See question distribution: My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment. Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I know how to print using a 3D printer.*** See question distribution: I know how to print using a 3D printer. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning.*** See question distribution: I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum.*** See question distribution: My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum. Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I am able to guide my students to use virtual reality (VR) and/or augmented reality (AR).*** See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to use virtual reality (VR) and/or augmented reality (AR). Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean)*** See question distribution: Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean) Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences.*** See question distribution: I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences. Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers.*** See question distribution: I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers. Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot.** See question distribution: Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot. Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum.** See question distribution: It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Smart phone** See question distribution: Smart phone Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I have tried graphical programming with my students.** See question distribution: I have tried graphical programming with my students. Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning).** See question distribution: I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning). Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.0Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I know how to use a specific graphical programming environment designed for educational purposes fluently (such as Scratch, Kodu, Lego Mindstorm).** See question distribution: I know how to use a specific graphical programming environment designed for educational purposes fluently (such as Scratch, Kodu, Lego Mindstorm). Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning)** See question distribution: Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning) Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs.** See question distribution: My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Students often produce different types of media contents (such as audio, video and images) in my classes.** See question distribution: Students often produce different types of media contents (such as audio, video and images) in my classes. Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Information collection and monitoring tools (such as devices with temperature, light or speed sensors)** See question distribution: Information collection and monitoring tools (such as devices with temperature, light or speed sensors) Own answers average -1.8Compare group answers average -1.9Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations.* See question distribution: I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations. Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures.* See question distribution: I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests* See question distribution: Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education.* See question distribution: My school has jointly agreed objectives for making use of ICT in education. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I receive sufficient technical support with sufficient speed for ICT use at my school.* See question distribution: I receive sufficient technical support with sufficient speed for ICT use at my school. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes.* See question distribution: I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss.* See question distribution: I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot).* See question distribution: I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot). Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone).* See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone). Own answers average -0.9Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of learning analytics for continuous assessment of students’ learning.* See question distribution: I make use of learning analytics for continuous assessment of students’ learning. Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students assess my teaching by means of information and communications technology.* See question distribution: My students assess my teaching by means of information and communications technology. Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching.* See question distribution: I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I often work with students outside school, making use of mobile devices (such as smart phones, tablets, laptops).* See question distribution: I often work with students outside school, making use of mobile devices (such as smart phones, tablets, laptops). Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Simulation and modelling software (such as AutoCad, 123D Design)* See question distribution: Simulation and modelling software (such as AutoCad, 123D Design) Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Multimedia tools (such as tools for media recording and editing, web production)* See question distribution: Multimedia tools (such as tools for media recording and editing, web production) Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students* See question distribution: Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught.* See question distribution: It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught. Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally.* See question distribution: I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use.* See question distribution: Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use. Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Providing feedback for students* See question distribution: Providing feedback for students Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use.* See question distribution: When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use. Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

diminishes students’ interest in studying*** See question distribution: diminishes students’ interest in studying Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.7Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Basic phone*** See question distribution: Basic phone Own answers average -1.1Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

helps students develop their skills to plan and direct their own work*** See question distribution: helps students develop their skills to plan and direct their own work Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

helps students communicate more effectively with others** See question distribution: helps students communicate more effectively with others Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education.** See question distribution: I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

erodes students’ mathematical skills* See question distribution: erodes students’ mathematical skills Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

reduces students’ co-operation with other students* See question distribution: reduces students’ co-operation with other students Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Desktop computer* See question distribution: Desktop computer Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I make use of ideas from students when using information and communications technology in education.* See question distribution: I make use of ideas from students when using information and communications technology in education. Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

erodes students’ writing skills* See question distribution: erodes students’ writing skills Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

*) The amount of stars implies the statistical significance