## Changes compared to previous years

Compare group: Year 2018 (733 pcs) | Year 2017 (907 pcs) | Year 2016 (476 pcs) | Year 2015 (335 pcs) | Year 2014 (432 pcs) | Year 2013 (464 pcs) | Year 2012 (199 pcs)

**Hint:** click a row for details

Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot.*** See question distribution: Access to ICT equipment (such as computers and tablets) requires booking a time slot. Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum.*** See question distribution: My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum.*** See question distribution: It is easy to make use of information and communications technology (ICT) according to the curriculum. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:***See question distribution: Guiding students in digital learning environments Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers.*** See question distribution: I share the digital learning materials that I produce with other teachers. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning.*** See question distribution: I make use of information and communications technology for continuous assessment of students’ learning. Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Tablet computer*** See question distribution: Tablet computer Own answers average -0.0Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use.*** See question distribution: Choose the level that best describes your competence in terms of ICT use. Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Providing feedback for students*** See question distribution: Providing feedback for students Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Smart phone*** See question distribution: Smart phone Own answers average -1.5Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning.*** See question distribution: I make use of digital portfolio work to assess students’ learning. Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I make use of learning analytics for continuous assessment of students’ learning.*** See question distribution: I make use of learning analytics for continuous assessment of students’ learning. Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes.** See question distribution: Students use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights.** See question distribution: My students know how to act in compliance with the fundamental principles of copyrights. Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean)** See question distribution: Interactive whiteboards (such as SmartBoard, Promethean) Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Making use of digital learning materials Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:**See question distribution: Making use of digital learning materials Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.0Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys)** See question distribution: Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys) Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests** See question distribution: Assessing students’ learning by means of digital tests Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students** See question distribution: Assigning tasks, exercises or homework to students Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My students assess each other’s work in digital learning environments.** See question distribution: My students assess each other’s work in digital learning environments. Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I often discuss with my students the reliability of information available on the Internet and how to use it appropriately.** See question distribution: I often discuss with my students the reliability of information available on the Internet and how to use it appropriately. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations.** See question distribution: I find good ways to utilize ICT in various learning situations. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:**See question distribution: Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Laptop computer** See question distribution: Laptop computer Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss.** See question distribution: I guide my students to protect themselves against common information security risks and data loss. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:**See question distribution: Consideration for copyrights Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences.* See question distribution: I am familiar with the principles of using Creative Commons licences. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching.* See question distribution: I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching. Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Devices and software I use operate well together.* See question distribution: Devices and software I use operate well together. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones)* See question distribution: Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones) Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment.* See question distribution: My students put together their own portfolios in a digital learning environment. Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught.* See question distribution: It is hard for me to find high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught. Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to print using a 3D printer.* See question distribution: I know how to print using a 3D printer. Own answers average -1.7Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I regularly follow social media networks to learn new things.* See question distribution: I regularly follow social media networks to learn new things. Own answers average 0.8Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Information literacy Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Information literacy Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My students assess my teaching by means of information and communications technology.* See question distribution: My students assess my teaching by means of information and communications technology. Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Multimedia tools (such as tools for media recording and editing, web production)* See question distribution: Multimedia tools (such as tools for media recording and editing, web production) Own answers average -1.4Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Constantly introducing new technologies into education is strenuous.* See question distribution: Constantly introducing new technologies into education is strenuous. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Students often produce different types of media contents (such as audio, video and images) in my classes.* See question distribution: Students often produce different types of media contents (such as audio, video and images) in my classes. Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Office software (such as Microsoft Office, LibreOffice, iWork)* See question distribution: Office software (such as Microsoft Office, LibreOffice, iWork) Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents.* See question distribution: I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Presenting information in a teaching situation* See question distribution: Presenting information in a teaching situation Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I intersperse my students’ work with regular breaks to avoid making them sit for too long.* See question distribution: I intersperse my students’ work with regular breaks to avoid making them sit for too long. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally.* See question distribution: I regularly guide students to use the Internet responsibly and legally. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot).* See question distribution: I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot). Own answers average -1.7Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Acquiring and structuring information and collaborative knowledge-building* See question distribution: Acquiring and structuring information and collaborative knowledge-building Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet.* See question distribution: I teach my students various means to participate in society through the Internet. Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Programs, software and services specifically developed for educational purposes ((such as Sketchpad, Geogebra, Interactive Physics* See question distribution: Programs, software and services specifically developed for educational purposes ((such as Sketchpad, Geogebra, Interactive Physics Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to use virtual reality (VR) and/or augmented reality (AR).* See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to use virtual reality (VR) and/or augmented reality (AR). Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning)* See question distribution: Virtual learning environments (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning) Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone).* See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone). Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Basic phone*** See question distribution: Basic phone Own answers average -1.7Compare group answers average -1.4Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

In the last school year, I participated in continuing training courses in ICT in total:*** See question distribution: In the last school year, I participated in continuing training courses in ICT in total: Own answers average -0.9Compare group answers average -0.6Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education.** See question distribution: I would like to make more use of information and communications technology in education. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

diminishes students’ interest in studying* See question distribution: diminishes students’ interest in studying Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Students are allowed to use their own devices (such as laptops, smart phones, tablets) in my classes.* See question distribution: Students are allowed to use their own devices (such as laptops, smart phones, tablets) in my classes. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Desktop computer* See question distribution: Desktop computer Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

reduces students’ co-operation with other students* See question distribution: reduces students’ co-operation with other students Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

helps students combine and process information more efficiently* See question distribution: helps students combine and process information more efficiently Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I feel that I do not receive support for developing the use of ICT in education.* See question distribution: I feel that I do not receive support for developing the use of ICT in education. Own answers average -0.4Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning).* See question distribution: I know how to use diversely a specific digital learning environment (such as Moodle, SanomaPro, itslearning). Own answers average 1.2Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I have tried graphical programming with my students.* See question distribution: I have tried graphical programming with my students. Own answers average -1.8Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised at the employer’s cost.* See question distribution: The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised at the employer’s cost. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to use a specific graphical programming environment designed for educational purposes fluently (such as Scratch, Kodu, Lego Mindstorm).* See question distribution: I know how to use a specific graphical programming environment designed for educational purposes fluently (such as Scratch, Kodu, Lego Mindstorm). Own answers average -1.7Compare group answers average -1.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Enabling or supporting oral presentations carried out by students on their own or in teams* See question distribution: Enabling or supporting oral presentations carried out by students on their own or in teams Own answers average -0.8Compare group answers average -0.8Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

erodes students’ mathematical skills* See question distribution: erodes students’ mathematical skills Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I often edit information on the Internet (such as Wikipedia) with my students.* See question distribution: I often edit information on the Internet (such as Wikipedia) with my students. Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place.* See question distribution: My school has a sufficiently fast and functioning Internet connection in place. Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs.* See question distribution: My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 1.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

*) The amount of stars implies the statistical significance