## Changes compared to previous years

Compare group: Year 2023 (1628 pcs) | Year 2022 (1652 pcs) | Year 2021 (3882 pcs) | Year 2020 (3594 pcs) | Year 2019 (7810 pcs) | Year 2018 (9609 pcs) | Year 2017 (11934 pcs) | Year 2016 (6094 pcs) | Year 2015 (4850 pcs) | Year 2014 (5331 pcs) | Year 2013 (6031 pcs) | Year 2012 (2380 pcs)

**Hint:** click a row for details

Software for targeted educational purposes, such as multiplication, programming, mathematical illustration, languages, simulation and modeling.*** See question distribution: Software for targeted educational purposes, such as multiplication, programming, mathematical illustration, languages, simulation and modeling. Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised at the employer’s cost.*** See question distribution: The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised at the employer’s cost. Own answers average 1.2Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Smart phone*** See question distribution: Smart phone Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

I have utilized the earlier results of this questionnaire in the development of my work.*** See question distribution: I have utilized the earlier results of this questionnaire in the development of my work. Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.8Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My school has a sufficiently fast and functional internet connection.*** See question distribution: My school has a sufficiently fast and functional internet connection. Own answers average 1.1Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised during working hours.*** See question distribution: The continuing training courses in ICT provided for me have mostly been organised during working hours. Own answers average 0.3Compare group answers average 0.1Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes.*** See question distribution: I personally use information and communications technology in most of my classes. Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.2Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum.*** See question distribution: My own ICT skills and competences are sufficient when compared with the objectives specified in the curriculum. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching.*** See question distribution: I know how to utilize digital teaching materials in my teaching. Own answers average 1.4Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

We also work with students outside the school buildings using mobile devices (e.g. smartphone, tablet, laptop). *** See question distribution: We also work with students outside the school buildings using mobile devices (e.g. smartphone, tablet, laptop). Own answers average -0.9Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I regularly follow social media networks to learn new things.*** See question distribution: I regularly follow social media networks to learn new things. Own answers average 0.7Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Laptop computer*** See question distribution: Laptop computer Own answers average 1.6Compare group answers average 1.5Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs.** See question distribution: My employer has provided me with ICT equipment that meets my needs. Own answers average 1.5Compare group answers average 1.4Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot).** See question distribution: I know how to build and program various robots (such as Lego Mindstorms EV3, Bee-Bot, Makeblock mBot). Own answers average -1.0Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

When conducting a formative assessment of the student’s learning** See question distribution: When conducting a formative assessment of the student’s learning Own answers average -1.1Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

I use ICT to perform continuous assessment on my students’ learning.** See question distribution: I use ICT to perform continuous assessment on my students’ learning. Own answers average 0.0Compare group answers average -0.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Media literacy Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Media literacy Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I have opportunities to influence ICT purchases at my school.* See question distribution: I have opportunities to influence ICT purchases at my school. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I get sufficient and fast enough technical support for the use of ICT at my school.* See question distribution: I get sufficient and fast enough technical support for the use of ICT at my school. Own answers average 1.0Compare group answers average 0.9Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

erodes students’ writing skills*** See question distribution: erodes students’ writing skills Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Students and visitors can log into the school's wireless network with their own devices.*** See question distribution: Students and visitors can log into the school's wireless network with their own devices. Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 1.3Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

helps students communicate more effectively with others*** See question distribution: helps students communicate more effectively with others Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

reduces students’ co-operation with other students*** See question distribution: reduces students’ co-operation with other students Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

diminishes students’ interest in studying*** See question distribution: diminishes students’ interest in studying Own answers average -0.5Compare group answers average -0.7Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

helps students combine and process information more efficiently*** See question distribution: helps students combine and process information more efficiently Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.6Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones)*** See question distribution: Mobile devices (such as tablets, smart phones) Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources*** See question distribution: provides students with the opportunity to use better information sources Own answers average 0.9Compare group answers average 1.0Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

reduces personal communication between students*** See question distribution: reduces personal communication between students Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Desktop computer*** See question distribution: Desktop computer Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.0Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

erodes students’ calculation and evaluation skills*** See question distribution: erodes students’ calculation and evaluation skills Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.3Statistical significance p < 0.00001 (clearly evident difference) |

Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:***See question distribution: Role of ICT in teaching and learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

I actively guide my students to use digital information search services (such as Google, Wikipedia, Wolfram|Alpha).*** See question distribution: I actively guide my students to use digital information search services (such as Google, Wikipedia, Wolfram|Alpha). Own answers average 0.6Compare group answers average 0.8Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Students use ICT in most of my classes.*** See question distribution: Students use ICT in most of my classes. Own answers average -0.2Compare group answers average 0.0Statistical significance p < 0.0001 (clearly evident difference) |

Students are allowed to use their own devices (such as laptops, smart phones, tablets) in my classes.*** See question distribution: Students are allowed to use their own devices (such as laptops, smart phones, tablets) in my classes. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents.*** See question distribution: I teach my students to understand and interpret various digital media contents. Own answers average 0.5Compare group answers average 0.7Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

My students assess each others’ work using digital learning environments.*** See question distribution: My students assess each others’ work using digital learning environments. Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

Office software such as word processing, presentation tools, spreadsheets*** See question distribution: Office software such as word processing, presentation tools, spreadsheets Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.4Statistical significance p < 0.001 (evident difference) |

It is complex to find appropriate high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught.** See question distribution: It is complex to find appropriate high-quality digital materials for the topics being taught. Own answers average -0.3Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys)** See question distribution: Digital learning games (such as Ekapeli, 10Monkeys) Own answers average -1.2Compare group answers average -1.1Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

helps students develop their skills to plan and direct their own work** See question distribution: helps students develop their skills to plan and direct their own work Own answers average 0.2Compare group answers average 0.3Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

My students assess my teaching using ICT.** See question distribution: My students assess my teaching using ICT. Own answers average -1.3Compare group answers average -1.2Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Basic phone** See question distribution: Basic phone Own answers average -1.7Compare group answers average -1.5Statistical significance p < 0.01 (very significant difference) |

Teacher’s pedagogical ability to use ICT in differentiation of learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:*See question distribution: Teacher’s pedagogical ability to use ICT in differentiation of learning Please choose the description below that best fits your situation, even if it is not fully accurate in all respects:Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures.* See question distribution: I guide my students to adopt ergonomic working postures. Own answers average 0.1Compare group answers average 0.2Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Upward or downward differentiation for individual students or small groups of students* See question distribution: Upward or downward differentiation for individual students or small groups of students Own answers average -0.6Compare group answers average -0.5Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use.* See question distribution: When I set up a new service or application, I always read its terms of use. Own answers average -0.1Compare group answers average -0.1Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

My school has jointly agreed goals for using ICT in teaching.* See question distribution: My school has jointly agreed goals for using ICT in teaching. Own answers average 0.4Compare group answers average 0.4Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

Multimedia tools (such as tools for media recording and editing, web production)* See question distribution: Multimedia tools (such as tools for media recording and editing, web production) Own answers average -1.4Compare group answers average -1.3Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone).* See question distribution: I am able to guide my students to produce animations (such as iMotion, Giphy, Animaatiokone). Own answers average -0.7Compare group answers average -0.7Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

I know how to program diversely with students, using a specific high-level programming language (such as C, Java, PHP, Javascript, C++, Python).* See question distribution: I know how to program diversely with students, using a specific high-level programming language (such as C, Java, PHP, Javascript, C++, Python). Own answers average -1.6Compare group answers average -1.6Statistical significance p < 0.1 (significant difference) |

*) The amount of stars implies the statistical significance